COURSE 1: Data Management and Visualization

COURSE 2: Data Analysis Tools

Central Limit Theorem

As long as adequately large samples and an adequately large number of samples are used from a population, the distribution of the statistics will be normally distributed.

Hypothesis Testing

Definition: Assessing the evidence provided by the data, in favor of or against each hypothesis about the population.

Methods:

  • ANOVA - Analysis of Variance
  • X2 - Chi-Square of Independence
  1. Specify the null(), and the alternate () hypothesis
  2. Choose a sample
  3. Assess the evidence
  4. Draw conclusions

p value

Often noted as α, will be compared with “significance level of a test”, usually taken for 0.05. If p-value < α (0.05), the data provides significant evidence against the null hypothesis (), so we reject the null hypothesis and accept the alternate hypothesis ().

p value is also known as “Type One Error Rate”, means the number of times out of 100 we would be wrong if we reject the null hypothesis.

Bivariate Statistical tools

  • ANOVA - Analysis of Variance
  • X2 - Chi-Square of Independence
  • r - Correlation Coefficient

How to choose a statistical test?

  • C->Q: if you have categorical explanatory and quantitative response, choose ANOVA
  • C->C: if you have categorical explanatory and response, choose X2
  • Q->Q: if you have quantitative explanatory and response, choose Pearson Correlation
  • Q->C: if you have categorical explanatory and quantitative response, you need to categorize your explanatory variable with only two levels then use the Chi-Square of Independence as your inferential test.

COURSE 3: Regression Modeling in Practice

COURSE 4: Machine Learning for Data Analysis

COURSE 5: Data Analysis and Interpretation Capstone